Cooperatives Wiki
Advertisement

Template:Infobox Kibbutz

Negba (Template:Lang-he) is a kibbutz in the coastal plain of south-central Israel. Located near the cities of Kiryat Malakhi and Ashkelon, it falls under the jurisdiction of Yoav Regional Council. The kibbutz numbers about 600 residents and covers an area of about 12,000 dunams.

The kibbutz is named based on a verse in the Book of Genesis (13:14), where God commands Abraham to cast his eyes and travel throughout the land of Israel, north, south, east and west. The word "Negba" means "south."

The battle for Negba in 1948[]

The community was founded on 12 July 1939 as part of the tower and stockade program by members of Hashomer Hatzair from Poland. When it was founded, it was the southernmost Jewish settlement in Mandate Palestine.

In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, the Israeli military engaged in many battles with Egypt. When the Egyptians invaded on 15 May 1948, their forces advanced and captured the police station of Iraq-Sweden, which controlled the route to the Negev and on kibbutz Negba nearby. Aside from the police station, the Eygptians seized Arab villages near the kibbutz, and from there attacked roads to the Negev and Negba, which disrupted the movement of Egypt on the road from Ashkelon to Hebron to Jerusalem.

Despite the strong Egyptian attacks, which were aided by airplanes, tanks and rifles, they could not capture the kibbutz. Negba was destroyed, but its defenders hid in bunkers and other fortified positions, and maintained their fierce defense against an onslaught of attacks, which lasted 3 months. In Operation Yoav the Egyptian army was defeated, and on 9 November 1948, after several failed attempts, the Iraq-Sweden police station was captured by the Israel Defense Forces. Negba residents returned and began to reconstruct the kibbutz.

To remember the fallen soldiers, a memorial was constructed next to the military cemetery that honors the unity of the fighters: a man and a woman from the kibbutz with a fighting soldiers. Next to the memorial statue, an Egyptian tank stands for remembrance, and also the water tower, punctured with holes from enemy fire, stands as a testament to the fierce battle.

Economy[]

The members of the kibbutz are sustained by cultivating fowl, cattle, orchards, vegetables and two factories. There is an "open museum", which includes a reconstructed model of tower and stockade settlements, an Egyptian tank that participated in the attack on the kibbutz and was destroyed, and the water tower that remains littered with bullet holes to this day.

The kibbutz also has the "hot springs of Yoav", with baths of mineral water.

Notable residents[]

  • Yossi Peled, Army captain
  • Aryeh Hen
  • Anat Maor, former member of the Knesset
  • Avshalom Vilan, member of the Knesset

External links[]

Template:Yoav

Template:Coord

de:Negba es:Negba he:נגבה pl:Negba

Advertisement